- Evelyn Fraser

# Flash in the pan

Updated: Jul 31

Flashcards are a super-simple concept with some great applications for discrete pieces of information, like vocabulary words, noun declensions, formulas and math facts. They're not a silver bullet for math operations tables, though, and used improperly can be a stumbling block.

Flashcards can build flexibility, through recognizing the pattern within the answers. For example, in the addition and multiplication tables, each answer is larger than the last by a specific quantity. So, in the three addition or multiplication tables, each answer gets bigger by three units. As your student comes to know the patterns cold, they allow easier work within and between the tables.

If you're planning on flashcarding the addition, multiplication, subtraction or division tables with your student, here are a few things to keep in mind.

*One*, **only use cards for equations your student has memorized**! Flashcards are part of retrieval practice, or more stressfully, __the testing effect__. By either name, it's the process** **of pulling up information from your memory, which makes the recall sharper and longer-lasting.

*Two*, your student needs to make the cards **from memory and only** **as they have the facts memorized**. There is an enormous benefit to writing out information we're memorizing: __hand-eye coordination is vital__ to our brains catching new information and attaching it to other memories. Again, the process makes the memory stickier.

*Three*, **use the cards in order**. When your student is just starting out, __the stress of not recognizing a fact will literally shut your student's brain down__. They won't be able to think or recognize the next fact, even if they know it.

*Four*, if your student bogs on a fact, **don't automatically flip the answer over**! Remind them to use the pattern (+1, +5, whatever table you're in) to jog their memory. Use manipulatives to work the equation. Re-write the card.

*Five*, once your student knows __those three facts__, __use them less frequently, but don't drop them out of the deck.__

The pattern of the tables gives rise to math flexibility. And flexibility leads to fluency.